topheader Welcome 52.87.176.39 @ xps.scios.ch on Wed Jun 26 8:37:54 CEST 2019
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DEFRULE

DEFRULE

One of the primary methods of representing knowledge in CLIPS is a rule.

A rule is a collection of conditions and the actions to be taken if the

conditions are met. The developer of an expert system defines the rules

which describe how to solve a problem. Rules execute (or fire) based on

the existence or non-existence of facts. CLIPS provides the mechanism

(the inference engine) which attempts to match the rules to the current

state of the system (as represented by the fact-list) and applies the

actions.

(defrule <rule-name> [<comment>]
    [<declaration>]              
    <conditional-element>*       
=>
    <action>*)  

DECLARATIONS

<declaration>           ::= (declare <rule-property>+)

<rule-property>         ::= (salience <integer-expression>) |
                            (auto-focus <boolean-symbol>)

CONDITIONAL ELEMENTS

<conditional-element>   ::= <pattern-CE> | <assigned-pattern-CE> | 
                            <not-CE> | <and-CE> | <or-CE> |
                            <logical-CE> | <test-CE> |
                            <exists-CE> | <forall-CE>

<test-CE>               ::= (test <function-call>)

<not-CE>                ::= (not <conditional-element>) 

<and-CE>                ::= (and <conditional-element>+)
 
<or-CE>                 ::= (or <conditional-element>+)  
 
<exists-CE>             ::= (exists <conditional-element>+)

<forall-CE>             ::= (forall <conditional-element>
                                    <conditional-element>+)

<logical-CE>            ::= (logical <conditional-element>+)

PATTERN CONDITIONAL ELEMENT

<assigned-pattern-CE>::=    ?<variable-symbol> <- <pattern-CE>

<pattern-CE>         ::=    <ordered-pattern-CE> | 
                            <template-pattern-CE> |
                            <object-pattern-CE>

<ordered-pattern-CE> ::=    (<symbol> <constraint>*)

<template-pattern-CE>::=    (<deftemplate-name <LHS-slot>*)

<object-pattern-CE>  ::=    (object <attribute-constraint>*)

<attribute-constraint>  ::= (is-a <constraint>) |
                            (name <constraint>) |
                            (<slot-name> <constraint>*)

<LHS-slot>              ::= <single-field-LHS-slot> | 
                            <multifield-LHS-slot>

<LHS-slot>              ::= <single-field-LHS-slot> | 
                            <multifield-LHS-slot>

<single-field-LHS-slot> ::= (<slot-name> <constraint>)

<multifield-LHS-slot>   ::= (<slot-name> <constraint>*)

PATTERN CONSTRAINTS

<constraint>            ::= ? | $? | <connected-constraint>

<connected-constraint>  
             ::= <single-constraint> |
                 <single-constraint> & <connected-constraint> |
                 <single-constraint> | <connected-constraint>

<single-constraint>     ::= <term> | ~<term>
                     
<term>               ::= <constant> | 
                         <single-field-variable> |
                         <multifield-variable> |
                         :<function-call> |
                         =<function-call>
 
 
clips/clip2pk5.txt · Last modified: 2010/01/04 20:46 (external edit)
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